Submitted by sam on Fri, 04/28/2023 - 09:58

Empower Your Struggling Reader: Effective Comprehension Strategies

Are you a parent or teacher struggling to help your pre-K child improve their reading comprehension? Look no further than this article! Reading comprehension is essential for your child's academic success and overall development. By using effective comprehension strategies, you can help your pre-K child connect ideas, understand what they're reading, and remember important information.

In this article, we will give you 15 comprehension strategies to implement with your child. From predicting to visualizing to identifying the main idea, these strategies will empower your child to engage with more complex texts and develop critical thinking skills. Read on to learn more!


Why Comprehension Strategies are Important

Comprehension strategies are crucial for developing strong reading skills in children. These strategies enable children to make meaning from what they read and comprehend the text better. By using comprehension strategies, they can easily decode and interpret written words. This will give them an understanding of how the text relates to their own experiences and knowledge.

Moreover, research has shown that children who are taught comprehension strategies have stronger critical thinking skills and are more likely to enjoy reading. In addition, these strategies also promote vocabulary development. And will ultimately help children to become independent learners.


15 Effective Comprehension Strategies for Pre-K Children

It's never too early to start building strong reading comprehension skills in your child. In this section, we'll explore 15 effective strategies to use with your pre-K.

1. Predicting

Making predictions is an important skill for pre-k children to understand and interact with the text. By using visual or context cues, children can make informed guesses about what will happen next in a story. For young children, predicting can be as easy as just looking at a picture and guessing. Using their prior knowledge to make a prediction is also helpful.

Encouraging children to explain their reasoning and use evidence to support their predictions. This can help strengthen their comprehension and critical thinking abilities.

2. Summarizing

This strategy is simply identifying the most important information in a story. By summarizing, children are able to distill the main idea and key points of a story into a few concise sentences. This helps them to retain important information. Plus, it helps them develop a deeper understanding of the material they're reading.

3. Asking Questions

This involves asking questions before, during, and after reading. This strategy helps increase understanding and retention of the text.

Before reading, you can ask them questions based on the title, cover, and any illustrations in the book. During reading, ask them questions about the characters and plot. And after reading, ask them to reflect on the story. You can also ask questions that can help them to make personal connections about the text.

4. Visualizing

Visualizing is an effective reading strategy that involves using the power of imagination. The goal of this strategy is to help your child create mental images of what is being read. This helps them to better understand the text and to remember what they've read.

When children create mental pictures of what they are reading, they can connect more deeply with the story. This is because they engage their senses and bring the story to life in their minds.

For pre-k children, visualizing can be encouraged by asking questions such as "What do you see in your mind when you read this?" or "Can you picture the character's face or the setting in your mind?".

5. Inferring

Inferring helps children to go beyond the literal meaning of the text. Making inferences is basically making educated guesses about what is happening. It involves using clues in the text to draw conclusions and make predictions.

Pre-k children can start practicing this skill by using picture books. Ask them to make predictions based on what they see in the illustrations. As children become more proficient in inferring, they can move on to text-based inference. Inferring not only helps children think critically but also creatively.

6. Making Connections

Making connections is a strategy that helps pre-k children relate what they are reading to their own experiences or the world around them. By making connections, children can make the text more meaningful.

For example, if a child is reading a story about a character with a pet, they can relate it to their own experience of also having a pet. This can help them understand the actions and motivations of the character. Making connections can also help children to make sense of unfamiliar concepts or ideas by relating them to things they already know.

7. Using Context Clues

Using context clues is a useful strategy for pre-k children to expand their vocabulary and comprehension skills. When they come across an unfamiliar word, they can look for clues in the surrounding text to help them determine its meaning. These clues can include the context of the sentence, the tone of the text, or any visual cues that might be present.

8. Identifying the Main Idea

Identifying the main idea is a crucial reading comprehension skill. It involves understanding the central theme or message of the text and being able to summarize it in a sentence or two. Pre-k children can learn to identify the main idea by focusing on keywords and phrases that repeat throughout the text, as well as paying attention to the title and headings.

Being able to identify the main idea helps children to understand the purpose of the text and the author's message. It also helps them to organize their thoughts and recall important information. With practice, children can improve their ability to identify the main idea and apply this skill to a variety of texts.

9. Predicting Outcomes

By using the information provided in the text, children can make informed guesses about what might happen next in the story. This involves using their prior knowledge and understanding of the story to make predictions about future events.

By predicting outcomes, children are encouraged to actively engage with the text. And to think critically about the plot and characters. Ultimately, this strategy helps children to develop their imagination, creativity, and problem-solving skills.

10. Sequencing

This involves putting events in order based on their occurrence in a story. Pre-K children can use this strategy to better understand the plot and to remember important details about the story. This involves understanding the beginning, middle, and end of a story and the order in which events occur.

Moreover, children can use visual aids, such as storyboards or graphic organizers, to help them sequence events in the story. Sequencing is an important skill that can help them make connections between events. By understanding the order of events, they can better understand the story's structure and identify key plot points.

11. Retelling

Retelling is a reading strategy that involves summarizing a story in one's own words. This strategy helps to improve comprehension and retention of information. It also enables readers to identify the main ideas and key details of a story. Retelling is an effective way to check if a reader has understood a story or not. It is a useful tool for pre-K children as it allows them to practice and develop their oral language skills. By retelling a story, children can work on their vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

Retelling also encourages children to use their imagination and creativity to describe events and characters. Additionally, retelling a story can help children to develop empathy and emotional intelligence by connecting with the characters and their experiences.

12. Monitoring Understanding

This involves constantly assessing and evaluating comprehension while reading. This strategy helps readers stay focused on the text and identify when they may not be fully understanding the material. When monitoring their understanding, readers may ask themselves questions such as "Does this make sense?" or "Do I know what this word means?"

If they realize that they are struggling to understand, they may use other strategies outlined in this article. By consistently monitoring their understanding, readers can identify areas of weakness and take action to improve their comprehension skills.

13. Using Graphic Organizers

Graphic organizers are powerful tools that help children organize their thoughts, ideas, and information. They are visual representations of information. These can help children understand relationships between ideas and compare and contrast information.

Graphic organizers can be used for a variety of tasks, such as brainstorming, outlining, note-taking, and summarizing. Some common types of graphic organizers include Venn diagrams, concept maps, flow charts, and story maps.

14. Re-reading

This one is a simple yet effective strategy for improving comprehension. Reading a story multiple times to gain a better understanding of its content. This can also help them catch details they may have missed during the first reading and help reinforce key ideas. Plus, they can gain a better understanding of the sequence of events in the story.

Re-reading can be especially useful when children encounter challenging texts. Teachers and parents can encourage children to use this strategy by providing opportunities for repeated readings.

15. Skimming and Scanning

Skimming and scanning are two reading strategies that can help pre-k children quickly find information in a text. Skimming involves reading quickly to get a general idea of what the passage is about. It is useful when trying to find the main idea or when looking for specific information. Scanning, on the other hand, involves looking for specific keywords or phrases in a text. 



Teaching pre-k children comprehension strategies is crucial for their development as readers. These strategies help children to understand what they're reading. By using the strategies outlined in this article, you can help pre-k become a successful reader in the future.

Effective Comprehension Strategies

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